Trauma and musculoskeletal disorders

15/05/2018

The locomotor system enables humans to move, support their bodies, protect their organs and carry out all their routine day-to-day tasks! Like the back, all the joints in our limbs are constantly having to work, often too hard, resulting in damage and pain.

Subject to day-to-day strains and stresses, the locomotor system is sometimes tested to its limits and can suffer injuries to the ligaments, such as sprains, or to the bones, such as fractures. These acute injuries generally get better quickly on their own with appropriate treatment but can weaken the affected joint.

Injuries, inflammation and ageing

A history of injury, as well as less obvious but repetitive strain on the joints, during sports, leisure or work activities, can promote micro-trauma and the development of inflammation affecting the tendons and ligaments. It can also exacerbate ageing of the locomotor system, thereby exposing the joints to a risk of degenerative conditions, such as osteoarthritis… which can itself cause inflammation. This painful damage can result in reduced mobility and daily activity, which, in turn, can cause joint stiffness and muscle weakness... The causes and effects of pain are multiple!

Musculoskeletal problems group together conditions affecting the soft tissue (muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves) of joints. Musculoskeletal problems, including repetitive strain injury (RSI), are usually associated with work activities. The parts of the body most likely to be affected include:

What are the solutions?

All mechanical problems affecting the locomotor system should be treated promptly and carefully to prevent them getting worse and additional problems developing. Effective management will help restore well-being, mobility, activity and a smile!